Trauma is the response to a deeply distressing or disturbing event that overwhelms an individual’s ability to cope, causes feelings of helplessness, diminishes their sense of self and their ability to feel the full range of emotions and experiences. Trauma is defined by the experience of the survivor.
Response to a traumatic event varies significantly among people, but there are some basic, common symptoms.
Emotional signs include:
These may lead to:
difficulty with relationships
Common physical symptoms:
altered sleep patterns
changes in appetite
Psychological disorders may include:
substance abuse problems
Transgenerational trauma, also is known as multigenerational and intergenerational, refers to trauma, which is transmitted from one generation to the next. The trauma that has occurred but remains unresolved has been transmitted from one generation to the next, through mechanisms of trauma transmission. The mechanisms of trauma transmission are biological, psychological, familial and societal.
Black and Asian communities have experienced years of racism, oppression and social trauma that has been transmitted from one generation to the next.
 Integrated Listening. (2018). Trauma Defined. [Online]. Available from: https://integratedlistening.com/what-is-trauma/